The International Commission of Jurists
and the Open Society Justice Initiative
have published a report on the selection of human rights judges (including at the European Court of Human Rights). The report, entitled 'Strengthening from Within. Law and Practice in the Selection of Human Rights Judges and Commissioners
', analyses the practice of selection procedures and tests these against standards of fairness, inclusiveness and transparency. For readers of this blog, chapter 3A on the Strasbourg Court will be of special interest. As one former ECtHR judge is quoted saying in the report, “the procedures at regional level [in the Council of Europe] have improved beyond recognition.” And compared to other regional systems it may indeed be relatively solid. However, problems remain as the rejection of a number of lists of three candidates from a number of countries has shown in the past few years. This is the abstract of the report as a whole:
'National procedures for the selection of regional human rights court judges too often fail to meet standards of fairness, inclusiveness and transparency, a joint Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI) and ICJ report published today concludes. The report makes recommendations aimed at ensuring that the best qualified candidates are selected as judges of regional human rights courts.
Regional human rights courts and commissions—including the African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights, the European Court of Human Rights, and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights—are essential safeguards for the rule of law.
Yet despite their importance, the process of selecting the judges and commissioners who sit on these bodies—how they are nominated, vetted, and ultimately selected—remains largely unknown and often shrouded in secrecy. Coupled with broader political efforts to erode international judicial institutions, this secrecy underscores the pressing need to focus on strengthening these systems from within.
This report, Strengthening from Within, responds to that challenge. It shines a light on the processes that states use to nominate and select human rights judges and commissioners. By analyzing the nomination practices of 22 countries, the report documents the ways in which nomination procedures often fall short of the legal frameworks and international standards that should guide them. It also identifies promising practices and offers recommendations for improvement grounded in experience.
An independent judiciary is essential to the rule of law: for national courts, procedures for judicial selection must be fair, transparent, and merit-based. As this report makes clear, the world’s international courts and tribunals are no different.'