Specifically, the following grave problems endangering the rule of law are discussed in the report:
* excessive length of judicial proceedings leading to ineffective protection of a wide range of substantial rights (endemic notably in Italy);Less problematic, but also mentioned are Portugal and the United Kingdom, where the rapporteur sees some slow but positive developments. The very detailed report is an invaluable resource to see how implementation fares in some of the more problematic state parties to the ECHR.
* chronic non-enforcement of domestic judicial decisions (widespread, in particular, in the Russian Federation and Ukraine);
* deaths and ill-treatment by law enforcement officials, and a lack of effective investigations thereof (particularly apparent in the Russian Federation and Moldova) and;
* unlawful detention and excessive length of detention on remand (in Moldova, Poland, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine).